Arqaam helps the humanitarian community thrive by enabling actors to make better use of their data and reach their goals.

Arqaam is a Dari word for numbers, figures, digits, statistics and data.

Arqaam helps humanitarian and development actors make better use of data to improve the impact of their interventions.

Arqaam is a Dari word for numbers, figures, digits, statistics and data. Those terms best describe what is at the core of Arqaam, working with numbers and data to support decision makers and implementers.


Arqaam was founded in 2017 to help improve the impact of humanitarian and development actors through better use of data. People often fear numbers and data instead of seeing the potential behind it.

Arqaam works with its clients at the crossroads of Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) and digital development to make it more than a simple “tick the box” exercise. We support data needs so actors are able to spend less time setting up systems and more time analysing and learning from their data. For grassroots organisation with limited resources, we offer pro bono support through our M&E Capacity Support programme.

Arqaam believes in providing its services in line with the 9 Principles of Digital Development. We use open source solutions and follow open data standards where possible and reinvest our own resources to support projects like Indicator Library and Question Bank, supporting standardisation across projects and organisations. It’s our passion and at the core of why we started Arqaam to find better ways to add value to  the community of practice.


Arqaam strives to use tested and new technologies and tools to support the work of implementers without burdening them with additional work by providing more intuitive and easy to use solutions. The following principles are at the core of our work:


Collaboration. Proactive communication and open collaboration further foster transparency and inclusive innovation.

Field-led. All our designs and processes are user-driven, ensuring that any solution we offer is adjusted to the relevant context.

Organisational Standards. We aim to build standards across the data life cycle, while engaging users in the process.

Ownership. We strive to build ownership at all levels  to accomplish sustainable change.

Simplicity. We focus on the simple use of technology and intuitive data practices.

Transparency. We take transparency at the core of any work we do, to build trust, to hold ourselves and our clients accountable to the highest standards.

1. Monitoring 

 From the log-frame to the fieldwork 

Arqaam supports humanitarian and development actors in every phase of the project cycle. For new projects as well as continuations or scale-ups, Arqaam supports the development of:

  • Theory of Change
  • Logical Frameworks
  • SMART Indicators
  • Monitoring Tools and Plans
  • Monitoring Check-ups
  • Remote Monitoring
  • Community-based Monitoring
  • Complaint and Feedback Mechanisms

2. Digital Development

 From the fieldwork to the database 

Working with the field, we have noticed some common challenges around effective collection and usage of data. Legacy tools and processes, coupled with resource limitations, frequently lead to incomplete, poor-quality data, obscuring key takeaways from programme managers and leadership.

The rise of digital data collection tools has dramatically increased the speed at which teams are able to collect and organize data from the field. These tools combine seamlessly within an ecosystem of open-source tools bring learning opportunities to the forefront.

Our approach utilises the power of cloud-based technologies and our partnership with the open-source community bring state of the art software to the humanitarian community. Once data has been collected, we blend it with simple workflow tools and a centralised database to allow for customised reporting that can integrate with third party software at low maintenance costs.

Tools we work with:

  • Data Collection (CommCare, Dharma, Kobotoolbox, ONA, SurveyCTO)
  • Data Management (ActivityInfo, DHIS2, ImpactMapper, TolaData)
  • Data Analytics (Python, PSPP, R)
  • Data Visualisation (DataStudio, MapBox, Tableau)
  • Data Reporting (GRI, HXL, IATI standards)

3. Evaluation

 From the database to the result 

Evaluations are a key part of Project Cycle Management and Arqaam offers the full administration of:

  • Baseline evaluations
  • Midterm evaluations
  • Endline evaluations

Arqaam uses the OECD DAC Evaluation criteria where appropriate, including the adjusted criteria (by ALNAP) for the humanitarian context. For accountability and transparency reasons, Arqaam does not offer evaluations for projects where it participated in the monitoring.

4. Research

 From the result to the next project

During the lifetime of any project, the team often realises how small changes could potentially make a significant difference. New insights gained, and gaps identified create new project ideas. Arqaam offers to work with clients to follow-up on these first findings through rigorous research, for example:

  • Feasibility assessments
  • SQUEAC and SLEAC Surveys
  • Needs assessments
  • Behaviour Change Surveys
  • Pre/Post testing
  • Barrier-Analysis
  • Socio-economic research

Monitoring Database

Arqaam updated and digitalised a monitoring platform for DDG Tunisia, supporting the team in their monitoring efforts. The database allows data entry over a browser interface. Furthermore, Arqaam developed a back-end Microsoft Excel file allowing for automatic individualised analysis, based on the project needs.

Digitalising of questionnaire

Arqaam support UN-Habitat Afghanistan in digitalising a questionnaire, using the ODK format for Kobotoolbox. The questionnaire allowed for automatic calculation of a vulnerability score in order to work directly in the field with the results.

Youth Livelihoods in South Tunisia

Arqaam was commissioned by the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) Tunisia to identify alternative ways of supporting disenfranchised youth in border areas in the South of Tunisia, focusing on the feasibility to start livelihoods support programming.

Remote Evaluation in Afghanistan

DRC Afghanistan commissioned Arqaam to conduct a final evaluation of an EU-funded project in Nangarhar province, to assess to which extent local and national conflict resolution and peace processes have been built or strengthened through promotion of women’s rights, participation and decision-making power at community level.


Fundraising Support

Arqaam supported the newly established NGO Ana Hunna e.V. in their fundraising efforts for women economic integration in the MENA-region (Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia) and Germany. In particular, Arqaam facilitated a workshop, developed fundraising strategies and examples.


End of Project Evaluation

Arqaam was commissioned to evaluated a Canadian-funded 6-months project, supporting community-led border management in Tunisia and Libya.

Development of global Data Quality Assurance Manual

Arqaam developed a knowledge base (technical manual) for Plan International’s global headquarter on Data Quality Assurance. The consultancy assignment included the development of structured and interactive e-Learning materials.

Livelihoods Training

Arqaam developed and conducted a 3-day training to train project managers and field staff of ERC with basic theoretic and practical knowledge to identify and design livelihood projects, specifically:

  • To familiarise participants with the most common concepts, terminology and approaches to livelihoods;
  • Understand the different types of livelihood interventions;
  • Examine the specifications of livelihood interventions throughout the project cycle;
  • Use appropriate tools for collecting information and project design and planning.